History of the Auxiliary Territorial Service ( ATS)
Prior to the Second World War,
the Government decided to
establish a new Corps for women, and an Advisory Council, which included members of the Territorial Army (TA), the Women's Transport Service and the Women's Legion, was set up. The
Council decided that the ATS would be attached to the Territorial Army and the women serving would receive two thirds the pay of male soldiers.
All women in the Army joined
the ATS, except for nurses who joined Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military
Nursing Service (QAIMS).
Medical and dental officers, who were commissioned directly into the Army and held Army ranks.
The ATS in action:-
The role of the women of the
Auxiliary Territorial Service, which numbered some 20,000 recruits during
the Second World War, was to replace men from the Army.
They acted as office, mess and telephone orderlies, drivers of lorries and other vehicles, butchers, bakers, postal workers, ammunition inspectors, military police and gun crews and additionally
performed many other operational support tasks.
At the outbreak of the Second
World War, 300 ATS members were billeted to France. As the German army advanced
through France, the British Expeditionary Force was driven back towards
the English Channel.
This led to the evacuation of troops from Dunkirk in May 1940, and some ATS telephonists were among the last British personnel to leave the country.
Genealogy of the Carr family
Katherines father was "Stephen
Carr" was born on September 20, 1889, in Liverpool, Lancashire,
Parents :-Agnes Jane Aitken, age 26, and Thomas Stephen Carr.
Katherines mother was Marion
Parkhill, born 3rd October 1891 in Garlieston, Wigtownshire
Parents:- William Parkhill and Marion McLean
Stephen and Marion married on
6th June 1913, in the settlement of Philgown, Barrachan, Wigtownshire.
Stephen died in 1976, Buried in Assington
Marion died 5th August 1962, buried in Assington
They must have immediately settled
in Mochrum which is only a short distance from Philgown, as the birth of
their first child Marion some three weeks later, is registered at Mochrum.
It seems highly likely that Stephen gained employment in the village, possibly at the large Mochrum Estate, famous for its Belted Galloway cattle
(1)Marion McLean, b23rd July 1913 in Mochrum, Scotland.
Married George Albert Gentry from Assington in Oct 1953 Ipswich,
Died 1st April 1978, Sudbury,
b15th April 1915 Ingersoll Canada,
Married Paul Vernon Garrow in Bures 29th April 1944,
Died aged 98 Birmingham 19th December 1993.
(3)Isabella Aitken, b
27th November 1916 Mochrum Wigtownshire,
Married Robert D Caskey in Shardlow, Derbyshire Sept 1940
Later married to Clifford Duckworth
(1916 - 1996)
Died 2nd February 1995, in Accrington aged 78
b 06 January 1920 Mochrum Wigtownshire,
Died 28th October 1941 ( Parkhill taken from her Mother)
Buried Bures 1st November 1941
(5)William, b 27th January
1922 Mochrum Wigtownshire.
Married 1944 in Sudbury to Irene Mary Smith
Death March 1991, Buried Copdock.
(6)Thomas James, b 2nd
May 1924 Mochrum Wigtownshire,
Married Veronica Walker in Wormingford on 29th Dec 1951
Died 6th April 2000 Buried Copdock
b 6th December 1926 Mochrum Wigtownshire
Married Robert Mclaughlan Walker in February 1952. Died 27th Nov 2007
Agnes Died 9th January 2021 in Sudbury aged 84
|The Galloway Gazette March 8th 1952|
(8)Mona Taylor, b March
1930 in Lt Bentley Essex
died December 1930, Lt Bentley, Essex
(9)Cameron S, b1933,
Lt Bentley, Essex
Married Charlotte Best in Sudbury 1954
Research by Alan Beales
1st Ed:- 24/07/2014
Major update 11/11/2014
Updated with wreath 12/11/2015
updated geneaology 20/2.2019
Stephen James Carr son of Thomas Carr at Ipswich
John and Diane Ineson on the OverHall Farm information
Cameron Carr son of Stephen and Marion
Stoke (Staffs) RO