History of the Auxiliary Territorial Service ( ATS)
Prior to the Second World War,
the Government decided to
establish a new Corps for women, and an Advisory Council, which included members of the Territorial Army (TA), the Women's Transport Service and the Women's Legion, was set up. The
Council decided that the ATS would be attached to the Territorial Army and the women serving would receive two thirds the pay of male soldiers.
All women in the Army joined
the ATS, except for nurses who joined Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military
Nursing Service (QAIMS).
Medical and dental officers, who were commissioned directly into the Army and held Army ranks.
The ATS in action:-
The role of the women of the
Auxiliary Territorial Service, which numbered some 20,000 recruits during
the Second World War, was to replace men from the Army.
They acted as office, mess and telephone orderlies, drivers of lorries and other vehicles, butchers, bakers, postal workers, ammunition inspectors, military police and gun crews and additionally
performed many other operational support tasks.
At the outbreak of the Second
World War, 300 ATS members were billeted to France. As the German army advanced
through France, the British Expeditionary Force was driven back towards
This led to the evacuation of troops from Dunkirk in May 1940, and some ATS telephonists were among the last British personnel to leave the country.
Genealogy of the Carr family
Katherines father was "Stephen
Carr" was born on September 20, 1890, in Liverpool, Lancashire,
Parents :-Agnes Jane Aitken, age 26, and Thomas Stephen Carr
Katherines mother was Marion
Parkhill, born 3rd October 1891 in
Parents:- William Parkhill and Marion McLean
Stephen and Marion married on 6th June 1913, in the settlement of Philgown, Barrachan, Wigtownshire.
They must have immediately settled
in Mochrum which is only a short distance from Philgown, as the birth of
their first child Marion some three weeks later, is registered at Mochrum.
It seems highly likely that Stephen gained employment in the village,
possibly at the large Mochrum Estate, famous for its Belted Galloway
(1)Marion, b23rd June 1913 in Mochrum
(2)Elizabeth Hammond b1915 Ingersoll Canada, Died Birmingham 1993
(3)Isabella Aitken, b1916 Mochrum Wigtownshire, Died Blackburn 1995
(4)Katherine Parkhill, b 06 January 1920 Mochrum Wigtownshire, Died 1941 ( Parkhill taken from her Mother)
(5)William, b 1922 Mochrum Wigtownshire,
Death 1991, Buried
(6)Thomas James, b 1924 Mochrum
Wigtownshire, Died 2000 Buried Copdock
(7)Agnes Aitken, b1926 Mochrum Wigtownshire Living (widowed)
(8)Mona Taylor, b1930, died 1930, Lt Bentley, Essex
(9)Cameron S, b1933, Lt Bentley, Essex
Research by Alan Beales
1st Ed:- 24/07/2014
Major update 11/11/2014
Updated with wreath 12/11/2015
Acknowledgment to Bill Snelling, Katherine
King and Jenny Wright
Stephen James Carr son of Thomas Carr at Ipswich
John and Diane Ineson on the OverHall Farm information
Cameron Carr son of Stephen and Marion
Stoke (Staffs) RO